By Eric Martone
Blacks have performed an important half in eu civilization on account that precedent days. This encyclopedia illuminates blacks in eu background, literature, and pop culture. It emphasizes the substantial scope of black impression in, and contributions to, eu tradition. the 1st blacks arrived in Europe as slaves and later as workers and squaddies, and black immigrants at the present time in addition to others are remodeling Europe into multicultural states. This crucial set expands our wisdom of blacks in Western civilization.
More than 350 essay entries introduce scholars and different readers to the white ecu reaction to blacks of their nations, the black studies and impression there, and the main interactions among Europe and Africa, the Caribbean, and the U.S. that led to the settling of blacks in Europe. the variety of knowledge provided is outstanding, with entries on famous eu political, literary, and cultural figures of black descent from precedent days to the current, significant literary works that had a considerable impression on ecu perceptions of blacks, black vacation trips and fairs, the fight for civil equality for blacks, the function and impact of blacks in modern ecu pop culture, black immigration to Europe, black ecu id, and masses extra. provided to boot are entries on corporations that contributed to the advance of black political and social rights in Europe, representations of blacks in eu paintings and cultural symbols, and eu highbrow and medical theories on blacks. person entries on Britain, Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, important Europe, Scandinavia, and jap Europe contain old overviews of the presence and contributions of blacks and dialogue of country's function within the African slave exchange and abolition and its colonies in Africa and the Caribbean. feedback for extra examining accompany every one access. A chronology, source consultant, and pictures supplement the text.